History of Cooperative Movement

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    Credited with inspiring the Rochdale Pioneers, who in 1844 began the cooperative movement at Rochdale, Lancashire.

    Robert Owen

    Dr. WILLIAM KING (1786–1865)
    ▸ Hefoundedamonthlyperiodicalcalled The Cooperator, the first edition of which appeared on May 1, 1828. This gave a mixture of cooperative philosophy and practical advice.
    ▸ He proposed sensible rules, such as having a weekly account audit, having 3 trustees, and not having meetings in PUBS (to avoid the temptation of drinking profits).

    CHARLES FOURIER (1772–1837) – Fourier should also be mentioned as an important influence. The Pioneers established the first consumer cooperative, leading to a worldwide movement.

    Raiffeisen conceived of the idea of cooperative self-help during his tenure as the young mayor of Flammersfeld. He was inspired by observing the suffering of the farmers who were often in the grip of loansharks.
    He founded the First RuralCredit Union in 1864.

    The ROCHDALE Pioneers

    • 28 poor weavers joined together to form the Rochdale Equitable Pioneer Society at the end of 1843. It set out theRochdale Principles in 1844.
    • As its initial project, the society organized a grocery store, and the principles developed from the experiences of Rochdale Society have served as the basic code of the Consumer Cooperative movement since that time.

    The Movements Increase in Influence

    By 1863 more than 400 British cooperative associations, modeled after the Rochdale Society, were in operation. Thereafter the English movement grew steadily, becoming the model for similar movements worldwide.
    By the mid-20th century, it comprised almost 2,400 associations of all types. Worldwide, some 800 million people are members of cooperatives, and it is estimated that cooperatives employ some 100 million people. Early popular support were France, Germany, Belgium, Austria, Italy, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden.

    HISTORY of the Philippine Cooperative Movement

    Teodoro Sandiko

    In the 19th century, Filipinos, in increasing number, traveled and studied abroad and brought from with them new ideas. It was this group of Filipinos who were in close contact with the new economic movement in Europe.
    Two names noted were Dr. Jose Rizal and Teodoro Sandiko.


    had organized Agricultural marketing cooperative in Dapitan while on exile in 1896. One noteworthy group organized by Rizal was the La Sociedad de los Abacaleros (Society of Abaca Producers).


    • governor of Bulacan, prepared a belt patterned after the Raiffeisen type of credit whom and had Rep. Alberto Barreto of Zambales sponsor the bill in the Jomer House ofCogress. The principal aim of this bill was to protect and develop the agricultural interest of the country.
    • The first rural credit association that was organized under this Law was the Agricultural Credit Cooperative Association of Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija. It was formed on October 18, 1916.